World Bank

Joining the World Bank

Jordan joined the World Bank Group in 1952, and received its first International Development Association credit in 1961. However, in 1979, the Kingdom graduated from the group of low-income countries, and thus became ineligible for the International Development Association credit. Since then, World Bank support to Jordan was channeled through loans, based on the terms of  the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

Financial and Technical Assistance

The World Bank program in Jordan is guided by the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS), which is the World Bank’s work plan that guides its operations in a country, outlining proposed package of assistance for the period covered by the CAS.

The work plan is negotiated and agreed upon between the government of Jordan and the World Bank every four years. The 2006-2010 CAS focuses on poverty reduction and job creation, in the context of an increasingly volatile fiscal, economic and socio-political situation. This four year program helped Jordan meet its key development challenges of reducing poverty and creating jobs, while maintaining fiscal stability and development sustainability.

Preparations are currently under way for the new upcoming Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for the period 2011-2014, which will replace the current Country Assistance Strategy for 2006-2010.  The new CPS will reflect the government’s priorities for the upcoming stage.

Overview of Financial assistance

  • Under the 2006-2010 CAS, Jordan has borrowed a total amount of US$ 505.5 million from the World Bank.
  • As of the end of 2009, the World Bank has financed around 80 operations in Jordan, for a total amount of US$ 2.5 billion (which includes the amount provided under the 2006-2010 CAS).
  • As of end of 2009, the total amount of the active portfolio is US$288.5 million

Areas of Assistance

Jordan’s current CAS came in conformity with the Kingdom’s National Priorities. Accordingly, the specific activities of support were clustered around the following pillars:

1. Productive job creation through strengthening the business environment and human resources for a skill-intensive and knowledge-based economy.

2. Local development through increased access to services and economic opportunities.

3. Social protection and expanding inclusion.

4. Public expenditures’ restructuring and public sector reform.

Grants and technical assistance focused on the following areas:

  • Health.
  • Public sector reform.
  • Privatization.
  • Social Insurance.
  • Energy.
  • Environment.
  • Gender.
  • Poverty.
  • Public Sector Reform.
  • Education and Higher Education.
  • Health and Social Insurance.
  • Improving the Business Environment and Enabling Investments.

Ongoing Projects Financed by the World Bank of Projects in the Portfolio

1.    Amman Development Corridor: supporting more efficient transport and logistics services by removing key infrastructure transport bottlenecks; and providing access to affordable land for productive investment and urban development purposes.

2. Amman Solid Waste Management Project: enhancing the quality, environmental and financial performances of municipal solid waste management in the Greater Amman Municipality.

3. Education Reform for Knowledge Economy (ERfKE II): providing students enrolled in pre-tertiary education institutions with increased levels of skills to participate in the knowledge economy.

4. Employer Driven Skills Development: supporting the government’s policy in reforming its Technical and Vocational Education and Training system.

5. Energy Efficiency Investment Support Framework: increasing energy efficiency investments in the  industrial and commercial sectors through building the capacity of Jordan Renewable and Energy Efficiency Fund.

6. Integrated Ecosystem Management in Jordan Valley: applying the principles of integrated ecosystem management to the existing Land Use Master Plan of the Jordan Rift Valley.

7. Jordan Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Urban Development:  contributing to tourism development in Jerash, Karak, Madaba, Salt and Ajloun, and consolidating the tourism industry in Petra.

8. Measuring the Impact of National Policies and Strategies on Gender Equality: strengthening knowledge, accountability, and monitoring mechanisms within the government to measure the influence of national policies, and initiatives on progress towards gender equality.

9. Ozone Projects Trust Fund- Ozone Depleting Substance Phase-out Project: phasing-out the ozone Depleting Substances.


10. Private Participation in Infrastructure: establishing a private public partnership fund to enhance the partnership between the public and private sector in implementing infrastructure projects; and developing and implementing an executive plan for programs and projects that contribute to enhancing the partnership between both sectors.


11. Promotion of a Wind-Power Market: helping create a sustainable wind power market in Jordan by overcoming barriers to the promotion of wind power.


12. Regional and Local Development: assisting the government in promoting regionally balanced local development, principally through municipalities and other ancillary support institutions.


13. Regional Network for Education Research Initiative Project:  building national capacity to analyze, disseminate and share data on student performance; building national capacity to use data to formulate and disseminate educational policies; auditing.


14. Social Protection Enhancement Project: building the institutional capacity of social protection agencies to design, implement and monitor/evaluate social development policies, coordinate anti-poverty programs; and support the implementation of a new targeting mechanism for the National Aid Fund.



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